اثرات اسانس گیاهان رزماری و نعناع فلفلی بر عملکرد، وضعیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی و فعالیت برخی آنزیم‌های خون بلدرچین‌های ژاپنی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد علوم دامی دانشگاه ارومیه

2 دانشیار گروه علوم دامی دانشگاه ارومیه.

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثرات سطوح مختلف اسانس رزماری (صفر،100 و200 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم) و اسانس نعناع فلفلی (صفر،100 و200 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم) بر عملکرد، وضعیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی و فعالیت برخی آنزیم های خون بلدرچین‌های ژاپنی انجام شد. تعداد 360 قطعه بلدرچین ژاپنی یک‌روزه در قالب یک آزمایش فاکتوریل 3×3 بر پایه طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 9 تیمار، 4 تکرار و 10پرنده در هر تکرار مورد استفاده قرار گرفتند. کاربرد اسانس‌های رزماری و نعناع فلفلی در جیره بر مصرف خوراک، افزایش وزن بدن و ضریب تبدیل خوراک در کل دوره آزمایش تأثیر معنی‌داری نداشت (05/0<P). همچنین اثر متقابل اسانس‌های رزماری و نعناع فلفلی هم در مورد فراسنجه-های عملکرد معنی‌دار نبود (05/0<P). مصرف اسانس‌های رزماری و نعناع فلفلی به تنهایی و یا با هم تأثیری بر فراسنجه‌های خونی شامل غلظت مالون دی‌آلدئید و اسید اوریک، ظرفیت کل آنتی‌اکسیدانی و همچنین فعالیت آنزیم‌های خون بلدرچین‌های ژاپنی در سن 35 روزگی نداشت (05/0<P). به علاوه تاثیر اسانس‌های رزماری و نعناع فلفلی بر فراسنجه‌های رنگ روشنی (L)، قرمزی (a) و زردی (b) گوشت سینه بلدرچین‌های ژاپنی معنی‌دار نبود. به طور کلی، بر اساس نتایج این مطالعه به نظر می‌رسد که مصرف اسانس گیاهان رزماری و نعناع فلفلی تاثیر معنی‌داری بر عملکرد، فعالیت آنزیم‌های خونی، فراسنجه‌های پراکسیدانی و آنتی‌اکسیدانی خون و همچنین فراسنجه‌های رنگ گوشت سینه بلدرچین‌های ژاپنی نداشت.

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