اثر افزودن آویشن (.Thymus vulgaris L) به جیره بر پایه ی گندم بر شاخصهای عملکرد رشد، ایمنی و متابولیت های خون جوجه های گوشتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم دامی- دانشکده کشاورزی- دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه علوم دامی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان خراسان رضوی

3 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد گروه علوم دامی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان خراسان رضوی

4 مربی گروه علوم دامی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان خراسان رضوی

چکیده

این آزمایش به منظور بررسی اثر افزودن سطوح مختلف پودر برگ آویشن به جیرههای بر پایه گندم با سطح تراکم مواد مغذی پایین بر شاخصهای عملکرد رشد، وزن نسبی اندامهای گوارشی، ایمنی همورال و متابولیتهای سرم خون جوجه های گوشتی انجام شد. تعداد 160 قطعه جوجه خروس گوشتی یک روزه سویه "راس 308" در یک طرح کاملاً تصادفی بین چهار تیمار (افزودن سطوح صفر،0.4، 0.8 و 1.2 درصد پودر برگ خشک شده گیاه آویشن به جیره) با 4 تکرار و 10 قطعه پرنده در هر تکرار به طور تصادفی تقسیم شدند. افزودن پودر برگ آویشن در سطح 0.4 درصد به جیره باعث افزایش معنیدار رشد (0.05>P) و بهبود معنیدار ضریب تبدیل غذایی در دوره سنی 18-1 روزگی شد (0.05>P) اما در دوره های سنی 30-19، 49-31 و 49-1 روزگی اثر معنیداری بر شاخصهای عملکرد رشد نداشت. افزودن پودر برگ آویشن به جیره مصرفی در سطوح 0.8 و 1.2 درصد باعث کاهش معنیدار وزن نسبی روده کوچک، در سطح 0.8 درصد باعث افزایش معنیدار غلظت تریگلیسرید و کلسترول کل سرم خون در سن 49 روزگی شد (0.05>P). افزودن پودر برگ آویشن تأثیر معنیداری بر تولید آنتی بادی بر علیه گلبولهای قرمز خون گوسفندی تزریق شده در سنین 18 و 25 روزگی نداشت. نتایج حاصل از این آزمایش نشان داد که استفاده از پودر برگ آویشن در جیره بر پایه گندم جوجه های گوشتی تنها در دوره سنی آغازین (18-1 روزگی) به عنوان محرک رشد موثر است.

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