اثر برخی ویتامین‌ها و مواد معدنی قابل تزریق بر ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی خون و بروز ناهنجاری‌های متابولیکی در گاوهای شیری دوره انتقال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو دکتری تغذیه دام گروه علوم دامی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه ایلام

2 دانشیار گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام.

3 استادیار گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام

چکیده

در این مطالعه اثر تزریق ترکیب ویتامین E و سلنیوم و ترکیب ویتامین B12 وآهن بر وضعیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی و سلامت گاوهای شیری دوره انتقال بررسی شد. 20 رأس تلیسه و 20 رأس گاو چند شکم‌زا بر اساس شکم زایش و وزن بدن به 4 گروه متعادل تقسیم شدند. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل 1) تزریق 7 میلی‌لیتر سرم فیزیولوژیک 9/0 درصد (شاهد)، 2) تزریق 60 میلی‌لیتر ویتامین E و سلنیوم، 3) تزریق 7 میلی‌لیتر ویتامین B12 وآهن و 4) تزریق 60 میلی‌لیتر ویتامین E و سلنیوم و 7 میلی‌لیتر ویتامین B12 وآهن بودند. تزریق محلول‌ها در روزهای 21 و 7 پیش از زایش و 7 روز پس از زایش انجام شد. تزریق ویتامین E و سلنیوم باعث افزایش غلظت ویتامین E و کل ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی سرم در روز زایش و روزهای 7 و 14 پس از زایش، سلنیوم و فعالیت آنزیم گلوتاتیون پراکسیداز سرم در روز زایش و 14 پس از زایش و تعداد نوتروفیل‌های خون در روز زایش شد. غلظت ویتامین B12 سرم در تمام روزهای نمونه‌گیری، آهن و فعالیت آنزیم کاتالاز سرم در روز زایش و کل ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی سرم در روزهای زایش، 7 و 14 بعد از زایش در گاوهای دریافت کننده ویتامین B12 و آهن بالاتر بود. بیشترین وقوع جفت‌ماندگی و ورم پستان در گاوهای تیمار شاهد مشاهده شد. در کل، اگرچه تزریق همزمان ترکیب ویتامین E و سلنیوم و ترکیب ویتامین B12 و آهن تاثیر معنی‌داری بر وضعیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی گاوهای شیری دوره انتقال نداشت، اما جفت ماندگی و ورم پستان در گاوهای این گروه مشاهده نشد.

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